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Do you really need to worry about NCAP rating?

While buying a car often we keep NCAP safety rating as an important criterion for choosing car model, if NCAP rating is low then we keep the model on low priority compared to the car which is having high NCAP rating. The important point – do you really need to feel worried about low NCAP rating especially whence you brought the car before NCAP rating was revealed

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What is NCAP?

New Car Assessment Program (or Programme) is a car safety program tasked with evaluating new automobile designs for performance against various safety threats

The first NCAP was created in 1979, by the United States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. This program was established in response to Title II of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act of 1972, to encourage manufacturers to build safer vehicles and consumers to buy them. Over time, the agency improved the program by adding rating programs, facilitating access to test results, and revising the format of the information to make it easier for consumers to understand. NHTSA asserts the program has influenced manufacturers to build vehicles that consistently achieve high ratings.

The European program, Euro NCAP, was founded in 1997 by the Transport Research Laboratory for the UK Department for Transport and backed by several European governments, as well as by the European Union. Based in Brussels, Belgium, the European program was modelled on the American program. Other areas with similar programmes include Australia and New Zealand with ANCAP, Latin America with Latin NCAP and China with C-NCAP. The Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program is being planned for India.

Different NCAPS Are:

NCAP NameAbbreviationFoundedLocation
United States New Car Assessment ProgramUS NCAP (U.S. NCAP)1978Washington, DC, USA
Insurance Institute for Highway SafetyIIHS1959, Ratings from 1995Arlington, VA, USA
Australasian New Car Assessment ProgramANCAP1993Canberra, Australia
Japan New Car Assessment ProgrammeJNCAP1995Tokyo, Japan
European New Car Assessment ProgrammeEuro NCAP1996Brussels, Belgium
Korean New Car Assessment ProgrammeKNCAP1999Seoul, South Korea
China – New Car Assessment ProgrammeC-NCAP2006Tianjin, China
Latin New Car Assessment ProgrammeLatin NCAP2010Montevideo, Uruguay
New Car Assessment Program for Southeast AsiaASEAN NCAP2011Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
Global New Car Assessment ProgrammeGlobal NCAP2011London, Great Britain
Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment ProgramBNVSAP2017TBD (To be Delivered)
Green NCAP (operated by Euro NCAP for emissions)Green NCAP2019Brussels, Belgium

What is there for India?

For India we have The Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) is a proposed New Car Assessment Program for India. Cars sold in the country will be assigned by star ratings based on their safety performance. It will be implemented in phases, according to the plans being drawn up by the National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project. It is the 10th NCAP in the world and is being set up by the government of India.

The program will be conducted for every car model that is manufactured in India and will be carried out in 4 different phases in crash tests labs. The norms and the testing parameters are set by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and the crash tests will be conducted by the ministry of heavy industries. The car models that are set to be rolled out in the market will undergo a side impact test, frontal impact test at the speed of 64 kms/hr, rear impact test and lastly, pedestrian protection test. Just like the Global NCAP (National Car Assessment Program) rates the car models following the crash test, the Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) will also rate the cars manufactured in India following the crash test and those car manufacturers rolling out car models that fail the safety test will have to make amends for the car to be launched in the market,

The Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) is running behind the schedule and project is yet to be delivered, due to which 3rd party players such as GNCAP which are London based charitable are taking advantage of the situation and publishing their crash test reports for Indian cars

Do you really need to worry about GNCAP ratings?

Till some extent No, there is no need to worry about GNCAP ratings on Indian cars reason is Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) which is made for India by Govt Of India. is yet to start working, The Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP) is a project of the Towards Zero Foundation which is a UK registered charity (number: 1141798) is a Private Charity


Safety of cars is closely regulated by the governments around the world, The Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) which is set by Govt of India is yet to start testing the cars, rest all other NCAPS who are declaring the car safety rating are self-proclaimed Pvt. charity or organisations and their testing shall not be considered as fully transparent or impartial because they are private.

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