While buying a car often we keep NCAP safety rating as an important criterion for choosing car model, if NCAP rating is low then we keep the model on low priority compared to the car which is having high NCAP rating. The important point – do you really need to feel worried about low NCAP rating especially whence you brought the car before NCAP rating was revealed
What is NCAP?
A New Car Assessment Program (or Programme) is a car safety program tasked with evaluating new automobile designs for performance against various safety threats
The first NCAP was created in 1979, by the United States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. This program was established in response to Title II of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act of 1972, to encourage manufacturers to build safer vehicles and consumers to buy them. Over time, the agency improved the program by adding rating programs, facilitating access to test results, and revising the format of the information to make it easier for consumers to understand. NHTSA asserts the program has influenced manufacturers to build vehicles that consistently achieve high ratings.
The European program, Euro NCAP, was founded in 1997 by the Transport Research Laboratory for the UK Department for Transport and backed by several European governments, as well as by the European Union. Based in Brussels, Belgium, the European program was modelled on the American program. Other areas with similar programmes include Australia and New Zealand with ANCAP, Latin America with Latin NCAP and China with C-NCAP. The Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program is being planned for India.
Different NCAPS Are:
|United States New Car Assessment Program||US NCAP (U.S. NCAP)||1978||Washington, DC, USA|
|Insurance Institute for Highway Safety||IIHS||1959, Ratings from 1995||Arlington, VA, USA|
|Australasian New Car Assessment Program||ANCAP||1993||Canberra, Australia|
|Japan New Car Assessment Programme||JNCAP||1995||Tokyo, Japan|
|European New Car Assessment Programme||Euro NCAP||1996||Brussels, Belgium|
|Korean New Car Assessment Programme||KNCAP||1999||Seoul, South Korea|
|China – New Car Assessment Programme||C-NCAP||2006||Tianjin, China|
|Latin New Car Assessment Programme||Latin NCAP||2010||Montevideo, Uruguay|
|New Car Assessment Program for Southeast Asia||ASEAN NCAP||2011||Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia|
|Global New Car Assessment Programme||Global NCAP||2011||London, Great Britain|
|Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program||BNVSAP||2017||TBD (To be Delivered)|
|Green NCAP (operated by Euro NCAP for emissions)||Green NCAP||2019||Brussels, Belgium|
What is there for India?
For India we have The Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) is a proposed New Car Assessment Program for India. Cars sold in the country will be assigned by star ratings based on their safety performance. It will be implemented in phases, according to the plans being drawn up by the National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project. It is the 10th NCAP in the world and is being set up by the government of India.
The program will be conducted for every car model that is manufactured in India and will be carried out in 4 different phases in crash tests labs. The norms and the testing parameters are set by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and the crash tests will be conducted by the ministry of heavy industries. The car models that are set to be rolled out in the market will undergo a side impact test, frontal impact test at the speed of 64 kms/hr, rear impact test and lastly, pedestrian protection test. Just like the Global NCAP (National Car Assessment Program) rates the car models following the crash test, the Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) will also rate the cars manufactured in India following the crash test and those car manufacturers rolling out car models that fail the safety test will have to make amends for the car to be launched in the market,
The Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) is running behind the schedule and project is yet to be delivered, due to which 3rd party players such as GNCAP which are London based charitable are taking advantage of the situation and publishing their crash test reports for Indian cars
Do you really need to worry about GNCAP ratings?
Till some extent No, there is no need to worry about GNCAP ratings on Indian cars reason is Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) which is made for India by Govt Of India. is yet to start working, The Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP) is a project of the Towards Zero Foundation which is a UK registered charity (number: 1141798) is a Private Charity
Safety of cars is closely regulated by the governments around the world, The Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) which is set by Govt of India is yet to start testing the cars, rest all other NCAPS who are declaring the car safety rating are self-proclaimed Pvt. charity or organisations and their testing shall not be considered as fully transparent or impartial because they are private.
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